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|Title||Endocannabinoids control platelet activation and limit aggregate formation under flow.|
|Author(s)||De Angelis V, Koekman AC, Weeterings C, Roest M, de Groot PG, Herczenik E, Maas C.|
|Journal, Volume, Issue||PLoS One 2014;9(9):e108282.|
|Major outcome(s)||Activation of cannabinoid receptors by cannabis use reduces platelet activation and blood clotting.|
BACKGROUND: The endocannabinoid system has previously been implicated in the regulation of neurons and inflammatory cells. Additionally, it has been reported that endocannabinoid receptors are present on circulating platelets, but there has been conflicting evidence on their contribution to platelet function.
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to examine the role of endocannabinoids in platelet function in vitro and in vivo.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the effects of the well-characterized endogenous endocannabinoid anandamide on platelet aggregation in suspension, α-granule release, calcium mobilization, Syk phosphorylation, as well as platelet spreading and aggregate formation under flow. Anandamide inhibits platelet aggregation and α-granule release by collagen, collagen-derived peptide CRP-XL, ADP, arachidonic acid and thromboxane A2 analogue U46619. However, activation via thrombin receptor PAR-1 stays largely unaffected. Calcium mobilization is significantly impaired when platelets are stimulated with collagen or CRP-XL, but remains normal in the presence of the other agonists. In line with this finding, we found that anandamide prevents collagen-induced Syk phosphorylation. Furthermore, anandamide-treated platelets exhibit reduced spreading on immobilized fibrinogen, have a decreased capacity for binding fibrinogen in solution and show perturbed platelet aggregate formation under flow over collagen. Finally, we investigated the influence of Cannabis sativa consumption by human volunteers on platelet activation. Similar to our in vitro findings with anandamide, ex vivo collagen-induced platelet aggregation and aggregate formation on immobilized collagen under flow were impaired in whole blood of donors that had consumed Cannabis sativa.
CONCLUSIONS: Endocannabinoid receptor agonists reduce platelet activation and aggregate formation both in vitro and ex vivo after Cannabis sativa consumption. Further elucidation of this novel regulatory mechanism for platelet function may prove beneficial in the search for new antithrombotic therapies.
|Participants||Healthy subjects |
|Type of publication||Medical journal|
|Address of author(s)||Department of Clinical Chemistry and Haematology, Utrecht University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.|