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|Title||A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of Sativex, in subjects with symptoms of spasticity due to multiple sclerosis|
|Author(s)||Collin C, Ehler E, Waberzinek G, Alsindi Z, Davies P, Powell K, Notcutt W, O'Leary C, Ratcliffe S, Nováková I, Zapletalova O, Piková J, Ambler Z|
|Journal, Volume, Issue||Neurol Res. 2010 Jun;32(5):451-9|
|Major outcome(s)||Significant reduction in treatment-resistant spasticity.|
BACKGROUND: Muscle spasticity is common in multiple sclerosis (MS), occurring in more than 60% of patients.
OBJECTIVE: To compare Sativex with placebo in relieving symptoms of spasticity due to MS.
METHODS: A 15-week, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study in 337 subjects with MS spasticity not fully relieved with current anti-spasticity therapy.
RESULTS: The primary endpoint was a spasticity 0-10 numeric rating scale (NRS). Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis showed a non-significant improvement in NRS score, in favor of Sativex. The per protocol (PP) population (79% of subjects) change in NRS score and responder analyses (> or =30% improvement from baseline) were both significantly superior for Sativex, compared with placebo: -1.3 versus -0.8 points (change from baseline, p=0.035); and 36% versus 24% (responders, p=0.040). These were supported by the time to response (ITT: p=0.068; PP: p=0.025) analyses, carer global impression of change assessment (p=0.013) and timed 10-meter walk (p=0.042). Among the subjects who achieved a > or =30% response in spasticity with Sativex, 98, 94 and 73% reported improvements of 10, 20 and 30%, respectively, at least once during the first 4 weeks of treatment. Sativex was generally well tolerated, with most adverse events reported being mild-to-moderate in severity.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The 0-10 NRS and responder PP analyses demonstrated that Sativex treatment resulted in a significant reduction in treatment-resistant spasticity, in subjects with advanced MS and severe spasticity. The response observed within the first 4 weeks of treatment appears to be a useful aid to prediction of responder/non-responder status.
|Participants||337 patients with MS and spasticity|
|Type of publication||Medical journal|
|Address of author(s)||Royal Berkshire and Battle Hospitals NHS Trust, London Road, Reading, Berkshire RG1 5AN, UK|