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|Title||THC improves appetite and reverses weight loss in AIDS patients|
|Author(s)||Dejesus E, Rodwick BM, Bowers D, Cohen CJ, Pearce D|
|Journal, Volume, Issue||J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care 2007;6(2):95-100.|
|Major outcome(s)||THC improved appetite and weight and reduced nausea|
|Indication||Nausea/vomiting;Appetite loss/weight loss;HIV/AIDS||Abstract|
Objective: To determine whether dronabinol affects appetite and weight status in patients living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to analyze weight and appetite changes and nausea status in patients with HIV/AIDS who received dronabinol for 3 to 12 months from January 11, 1993, to March 17, 2003. RESULTS: Of the 117 patients who lost weight before baseline, 63% maintained or gained weight. In patients receiving dronabinol for 1 year, the mean weight gain (+/- SD) was 3.7 +/- 10.6 lb. The percentage of patients experiencing loss of appetite decreased significantly from 71% at baseline to 26% at 1 month (P < .001) and continued to decline throughout the trial. The percentage of patients experiencing nausea at baseline (38%) decreased consistently from week 2 on; this change from baseline was significant at month 6 (P = .031). CONCLUSION: When taken for 3 months to 1 year, dronabinol significantly improves appetite and reverses weight loss in patients living with HIV/AIDS.
|Participants||117 patients with HIV/AIDS|
|Type of publication||Medical journal|
|Address of author(s)||Orlando Immunology Center, Orlando, Florida, firstname.lastname@example.org.|